SCIE 4001
Section A - Multiple Choice
Section A - Multiple Choice Answers
Multiple Choice on Section B Matter and Materials
Multiple Choice on Section B Matter and Materials Answers
Section B - Matter and Materials
Section C - Energy
Section D - Structures and Mechanisms
 

Multiple Choice on Section B Matter and Materials

1. A wet pavement dries on a sunny day because water molecules
A. gain heat energy and condense
B. gain heat energy and evaporate
C. loose heat energy and condense
D. loose heat energy and evaporate

2. A teacher sweeps the floor near the grinding machine to collect iron filings in the metalwork shop. How does she separate iron filings from the ‘dirt’?
A. Sieving with a fine wire mesh
B. Hand picking the filings
C. Evaporating to dryness
D. Using a strong magnet

3. An acid added to a base produces      
A. salt and water
B. gas and water
C. liquid and gas
D. salt and liquid

4. A suspension would decompose on heating. What process would be most effective for separating the particles in that suspension? 
A. Shaking
B. Evaporation
C. Distillation
D. Filtration

5. Which of the following is NOT a physical property of a material?
A. Color when viewed
B. Burn when heated
C. Odor when smelt
D. Texture when felt

6. Anything that has mass and takes up space is an example of
A. energy
B. technology.
C. matter
D. temperature

7. Which of the following is an example of a homogeneous mixture?
A. Compound
B. Colloid
C. Suspension
D. Solution

8. Which of the following is an example of a change of state?
A. Crushing limestone rock into powder
B. Melting ice in a glass of water
C. Stretching copper into a wire
D. Burning gasoline in an engine

9. The amount of matter in an object is its
A. mass
B. weight
C. volume
D. density

10. Which is NOT a physical state of matter?
A. Solid
B. Vacuum
C. Liquid
D. Gas

11. Which best describes the translation movement of particles in a liquid?
A. Less freely moving than a solid
B. More freely moving than a gas
C. More freely moving than a solid
D. No translation movement

12. Particles with more energy move __________ than particles with less energy
A. slower and closer together
B. slower and farther apart
C. faster and farther apart
D. faster and closer together

13. The change from a gas to a liquid is called
A. evaporation
B. melting
C. condensation
D. sublimation

14. A substance which takes the shape and volume of a closed container is a
A. solid
B. gas
C. liquid
D. crystal

15. As the gas in a rigid sealed container is heated, its
A. pressure increases
B. temperature decreases
C. pressure decreases
D. volume decreases

16. A block of foam has a length of 4 m, a width of 3 m, a height of 2 m, and a mass of 240 kg. Find the density of the foam in kg/m3.
A 10 kg/m3
B 60 kg/m3
C 80 kg/m3
D 120 kg/m3

17. Which is NOT part of the definition of the particle theory of matter?
A. All matter is made up of particles
B. In all matter, particles are arranged in a rigid structure
C. Temperature affects the speed at which particles move
D. All particles move

18. In what state are particles closest together?
A. Liquid
B. Gas
C. Vapour
D. Solid

19. What happens when common salt dissolves in water?
A. The salt particles are attracted to the water particles and move toward them
B. The water particles and the salt particles combine to create a new kind of particle
C. The salt particles are attracted to each other more than to the water particles so the salt clumps up and sinks
D. The water particles move further apart from each other

20. In which state or states of matter can particles flow?
A. Gas only
B. Liquid only
C. Solid only
D. Fluids only

21. In which state or states of matter can particles spread out in all directions?
A. Gas only
B. Liquid only
C. Solid only
D. Fluids only

mc  
Fig 1
 

22. Which diagram best represent molecules in a gas?
A.
B.
C.
D.

23. When most fluids cool to form a solid, they take up less volume. Which substance is the exception?
A. Water
B. Carbon dioxide
C. Sulfur
D. Naphthalene

24. Which state of matter has no definite shape and no definite volume?
A. Liquid
B. Gas
C. Solid
D. Fluid

25. Anything that occupies space and has mass is known as
A. Energy
B. Matter
C. Force
D. Work

26. Liquids have the ability to flow because
A. there are strong forces of attraction between the particles
B. their particles are far apart
C. there are weak forces of attraction between the particles
D. their particles are arranged in a random pattern

27. The melting of ice takes place at the same temperature as the
A. freezing of water
B. boiling of water
C. evaporation of water
D. condensing of water

28. Which one of the following is NOT a property of solids?
A. Definite shape
B. Definite volume
C. Incompressible
D. Flow

29. Solids particles have a definite shape because they
A. can be compressed
B. have strong force of attraction between the particles
C. are packed together very tightly
D. are arranged in a regular way

30. Sublimation is a change directly from a
A. solid to a gas
B. solid to a liquid
C. liquid to a solid
D. liquid to a gas

31. Which one of the following may describe a fluid?
A. Liquid and solid
B. Solid and gas
C. Solid, liquid and gas
D. Gas and liquid

32. Gases consist of particles that
A. have a regular arrangement
B. are strongly attracted to each other
C. are packed close together
D. are very far apart

mc  
Fig 2
 


33. What is the process W called in Fig. 2, which shows the changes in state of a substance?
A. Boiling
B. Condensing
C. Freezing
D. Melting

34. What is the process X called in Fig. 2, which shows the changes in state of a substance?
A. Boiling
B. Condensing
C. Freezing
D. Melting

35. What is the process Y called in Fig. 2, which shows the changes in state of a substance?
A. Boiling
B. Condensing
C. Freezing
D. Melting

36. What is the process Z called in Fig. 2, which shows the changes in state of a substance?
A. Boiling
B. Condensing
C. Freezing
D. Melting

37. Which one of the following statements best describes the particles in a gas? They
A. are moving very fast and are far apart
B. are very close together and are able to vibrate and rotate
C. are moving very slow and are far apart
D. are stationary and able to vibrate and rotate

38. When water evaporates at room temperature, it changes into
A. mist
B. clouds
C. water vapour
D. steam

39. When a beaker of water is heated its volume increases a little because the particles in the liquid are
A. getting smaller
B. getting bigger
C. moving faster
D. moving slower

40. During which phase change is heat energy absorbed by a substance?
A. liquid to gas
B. liquid to solid
C. gas to solid
D. gas to liquid

mc
Material Density (g/ml)
copper 8.90
rubber 1.25
plastic 1.15
wood 0.75
corn oil 0.93
water 1.00
glycerol 1.25
corn syrup 1.38
 
Fig 3
Table 1. Density of Some materials
 

The beaker shown in Fig 3 contains four liquids of different densities with blocks of four different solid materials. Table 1 shows the densities of all the materials.

41. Which of the materials is copper?
A B C D
42. Which of the materials is rubber?
A B C D
43. Which of the materials is plastic? A B C D
44. Which of the materials is wood? A B C D
45.Which of the materials is corn oil? W X Y Z
46.Which of the materials water? W X Y Z
47.Which of the materials is glycerol? W X Y Z
48. Which of the materials is corn syrup? W X Y Z
 
mc  
Fig. 4
 

A student was given samples of four different liquids, A, B, C, and D. The student poured equal amounts of two different liquid samples into tubes 1 to 4 and equal amounts of all samples in tube 5. The results are shown in Fig 4.

49. Which is the densest liquid?
A B C D
50. Which is the least dense liquid?
A B C D
51. Which is the liquid at W?
A B C D
52. Which is the liquid at X?
A B C D
53.Which is the liquid at Y?
A B C D
54. Which is the liquid at Z?
A B C D
         
 
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55. When the ice cubes in Fig 5 are completely melted, the water level in the glass will
A. increase to A
B. increase to B
C. remain at C
D. decrease to D
Fig. 5
 
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56.The process taking place at Y (around the ice cubes) is
A melting
B condensation
C boiling
D freezing

The process taking place at X (water drops on the outside bottom of the top pan) is
A melting
B condensation
C boiling
D freezing

Fig. 6
 

58. The process taking place at W is
A. melting
B. condensation
C. boiling
D. freezing

59. Which process results in the formation of clouds?
A. Evaporation                   
B. Condensation
C. Transpiration
D. Precipitation

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60. What is the volume of the stone in Fig. 6?
A 30 mL
B 20 mL
C 10 mL
D 50 mL

Fig. 7
 
     
Concept by Kishore Lal. Programmed by Kishore Lal... Copyright © 2015 Kishore Lal. All rights reserved.