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TDMS 4001
Nature of Reality
 
 
 
 

Unit 1 - Nature of Reality

MENTAL OR MATTER & ENERGY CONSTRUCT...

This section introduces you to some questions on how you 'know about and explain' things and phenomena in your environment...

Is reality mental – only in your mind? Or is it physical – matter and energy?

How do you construct your Reality?

  • Are each of us unique in how we construct knowledge?
  • Assuming REALITY is a construct ONLY in MY MIND.... This is not an arrogant or narcissistic view... it is based on a premise that I alone am able to 'know' when I am constructing a reality... But this does not really help in conventional Teaching and Learning so in a simplistic manner, I will assume that you can say the same... therefore a reality exist beyond my mind...
  • Let's stick with this view for now... Then there is no doubt that we all have and often act on a construct of the world that is very EGOCENTRIC...
    • Your likes, dislikes, what motivates you, what makes you happy, your comfort zone... your feelings and emotions?
    • You alone can change this knowledge... You really own it... It can be constructive or destructive or of no consequence...
    • How did you acquire this egocentric knowledge that determines how you interact with the world?
    • Psychologists say that there are various routes by which you learn...
      • Behaviourism - in its most simplistic form automatic behaviour (no thinking) from the experiences of rewards and punishments in your past interaction with the 'reality'...
      • Cognitivism - again simplistically the experiences which 'made sense' to you as you interacted with 'reality...
      • Social learning - probably more about applying behaviourism in a social context...
      • Constructivism - which may be what we are discussing above... how experiences becomes and changes egocentric knowledge...
      • Humanism - which might be more about how the egocentric knowledge is expressed and changes as one interacts with the world...
  • How do the following affect how your actions and reactions and judgment of the actions of others?
    • Traditions and Religion...
    • Evidence from written sources...
    • Evidence from Oral sources...
    • Forensic Evidence....
  • How willing are you to change your EGOCENTRIC knowledge when your opinions are confronted by a different view from
    • Elders with your traditions and religion...
    • Printed matter like books and magazines...
    • Your Holy Books...
    • The Internet...
    • Your peers...
    • Your teachers...
    • Experts like doctors...
  • Who owns your traditional / religious knowledge?
  • What attitude do you display towards knowledge which conflicts your EGOCENTRIC knowledge as a student in the classroom if called upon to discuss?
    • Find a polite way to excuse yourself from participating
    • Refusal (throws a tantrum and so no meaningful interaction) ...
    • Refusal (listens politely and rejects openly) ...
    • Silence - Refusal (lock off and silently does not listen) ...
    • Refusal (listens politely and presents appearance of being convinced) ...
    • Listens and even if it makes sense find other reasons to reject...
    • Listens to determine if it makes sense and if it does accepts, if not rejects...
    • Skepticism finding and objecting to the parts that don't make sense and ignoring the parts that make sense
    • Skepticism finding and accepting the parts that make sense and ignoring the parts that don't make sense
    • Skepticism but willingly listens, process and evaluates...
  • Which is more important - the source or the information?
  • Egocentric knowledge is constructed from a combination
    • comparatively passive acceptance of traditional / religious knowledge through modeling, overt behaviourism and / or often closed and biased pseudo cognivitism where the 'immature' individual is coerced through psychological manipulation and guilt. This works very well because such knowledge is difficult to change and adopted without critical thinking....
    • more active and experiential critical thinking and reflection.Such information is easier to change as it is owned by the learner and the process used to acquire it also allow it to be changed with less stress to the comfort zone of the individual...
Concept by Kishore Lal. Programmed by Kishore Lal... Copyright © 2015 Kishore Lal. All rights reserved.